Vaccinations Among Migrant Farmworkers in the United States: A Scoping Review Open Access

Whitenton, Chandler (Summer 2023)

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The COVID-19 pandemic has brought attention to the need for equitable access to vaccines and the reduction of vaccination disparities in public health settings. While efforts have primarily focused on marginalized groups, migrant farmworkers have received little attention in vaccination campaigns and studies. This scoping review aims to explore the existing evidence on vaccination among migrant farmworkers in the United States. The review seeks to identify vaccination programs, understand barriers to access, highlight recommended vaccines, and identify organizations implementing vaccination efforts. A comprehensive search strategy was developed and implemented, resulting in the inclusion of 13 studies. Barriers to vaccination among migrant farmworkers included language barriers, transportation limitations, lack of trust, and conflicts with work hours. Facilitators included involvement of community-based organizations in vaccination activities and use of digital vaccination records. The involvement of community-based organizations played a crucial role in addressing barriers and building trust. The scoping review underscores the need for tailored interventions and policies that address language barriers, transportation limitations, and trust issues that may impact vaccine uptake among migrant farmworkers. Further research is needed to investigate the impact of nonCOVID-19 vaccines on migrant farmworkers' health outcomes and develop evidence-based strategies to enhance vaccine uptake. Policymakers, healthcare providers, and public health practitioners can use the findings to improve vaccine access and equity for this vulnerable population, contributing to broader Healthy People 2030 public health goals.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Methodology 3

Search Strategy 5

Table 1: Search Strategy 6

Figure 1: PRISMA Chart 9

Results 10

Table 2: Included Studies 10

Table 3: Vaccination Barriers and Facilitators 14

Table 4: Involved Organizations 18

Discussion 20

References 24

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