Background: Building research capacity in low-income countries (LICs) has been paid increasing attention over the years, given the idea that local research capacity may be an important means of strengthening health systems in a LIC. The goal of this study is to evaluate whether global research capacity development is improving over the period 1998-2017.
Methods: This study conducted a systematical review in research articles about infectious diseases from three well-known infectious disease journals (Clinical Infectious Diseases, Journal of Infectious Diseases, and Open Forum Infectious Diseases) from 1998 to 2017. The institutional affiliation, funding source, disease, region, and year of publication, etc. were included as key variables. Logistic regression was applied to explore the impact of these key variables on LIC first- or last-authorship (FA/LA) over the period.
Results: A total of 1,323 individual papers were identified as research articles in infectious disease, of which 513 (46.67%) had FA or LA from a LIC. The number of publications each year since 1999 remains stable, whereas the percentage of publications with LIC FA/LA is decreasing in general. The odds ratio of having a LIC FA/LA versus not having a LIC FA/LA for a paper published paper in infectious disease in the three selected journals is 0.97 (95%CI: [0.95, 0.99]). 1097 (82.92%) of total identified researches were carried out in Africa, and the percentage of publications with LIC FA/LA is also decreasing in general, with the odds ratio of having a LIC FA/LA versus not having a LIC FA/LA for a paper published paper in infectious disease in the three selected journals is 0.97 (95%CI: [0.95, 1.00]).
Conclusion: The percentage of publications in infectious disease in the three journals in varying over the time, and appearing a descending trend, showing that in general, the authorship equity disparities may be growing worse, and more efforts should be taken.
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About this Master's Thesis
|Subfield / Discipline
|Committee Chair / Thesis Advisor
|Trends of authorship equity in global health research in infectious disease over the past two decades ()
|2020-04-27 15:17:22 -0400