Applying Informatics to Autism Spectrum Disorder: From Screening to Early Intervention Open Access

Arneson, Kayla (2017)

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Background: According to CDC's Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network (ADDM) 1 in 68 children are affected with ASD in the United States. As the impact of ASD continues to grow, it is necessary to understand how primary care physicians can better identify the signs of ASD, diagnose ASD, and ultimately increase access to early intervention services. Early intervention services shows substantial evidence to improve developmental outcomes for those with ASD. Whether the use of information systems enables this effort, is important to understand, as the steady growth in ASD is regarded as a significant public health concern.

Key Aims and Methods: The overall goal of this thesis is to better understand how integrating technology with traditional ASD practices can increase access to early intervention services. The first aim is "Are healthcare providers leveraging technology to increase completeness and accuracy of ASD screening and diagnosis?" The second aim is "Are healthcare providers that use integrated technology for ASD diagnosis, able to screen, evaluate, and diagnose for ASD at a younger age when compared to healthcare providers that use traditional modalities? To achieve these aims, a literature review was conducted.

Results: Literature review confirmed that leveraging technology to screen and assess children for ASD increased timeliness, completeness, and accuracy. Improving screening practices subsequently reduces the burden on specialists and increases access to early intervention services for those accurately diagnosed with ASD. Although the second aim could not be answered definitively, this literature review reinforces the knowledge around how integrating technology with traditional screening modalities could potentially decrease age of diagnosis through evidence showing how technology has expedited processes involved, such as screening and diagnostic evaluation.

Conclusion: There is an apparent need to expedite ASD screening, evaluation and diagnosis to subsequently increase access to early intervention services, as evidence shows early intervention greatly improves quality of life. Although there is some information pertaining to how technology can improve processes involved with diagnosis, knowledge surrounding how technology affects age of diagnosis is lacking. These findings show evidence of methods that can be applied to use technology to lower the age of ASD diagnosis.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 2: Review of Literature Chapter 3: Methodology Chapter 4: Results Chapter 5: Discussion

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