Uncomfortable Partners: The Franciscans of Córdoba, 1767-1829 Open Access

Troisi Melean, Jorge Cristian (2014)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/f1881m08j?locale=en


Uncomfortable Partners: The Franciscans of C ó rdoba, 1767-1829


Jorge C. Troisi-Melean

This dissertation examines the universe of religion, politics and society in the era of the Latin American revolutions through the window of the Franciscans of Córdoba. While the historiography has traditionally argued that the regular clergy were largely unable to come up with an answer to the threats posed during this transitional period, my work offers an alternative, new perspective. The regular orders have been studied as homogeneous institutions of the Ancien Regime. However, the transformation of colonial society at the end of the eighteenth century had reached into the convents and monasteries; the Franciscans, then, acted as members of a changing order, but also as individuals with ambitions and interests of their own, in keeping with social and political change in the Atlantic world. There was a new universe of choices available to the Franciscans. Over the six decades encompassed by this work, the Franciscans negotiated and established alliances with civil authorities. Both the Spanish Crown and the revolutionary governments needed the Franciscans. Better than anybody else in the region, these priests could communicate effectively in churches and from pulpits. During the late colonial period, Franciscans preached sermons to locals to strengthen loyalty to the Crown. In the 1810s, the Franciscan sermons were filled with patriotism. Thus, the revolution gained legitimacy and reached consensus. Franciscans were among those few intellectuals who had the ability to conceive a coherent discourse in the transition from colonial to republican period. In the 1820s, the Franciscans sealed an alliance with a State that needed them as officials in rural areas. This enabled the Cordoban government to have loyal officials in border areas, while the Franciscans found a space to carry out their mission work. Franciscans knew well how to exert their influence both on popular sectors and the elites. While some historians have found the regular orders all but irrelevant to revolutionary change, the Franciscans were in fact crucial to the building of the new nations as vital, if uncomfortable, partners.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Chapter 1: Jesuits' heirs (1767-1800) 26

Chapter 2: C ó rdoba As Pole Of Franciscan Attraction (1650-1850) 55

Chapter 3: The Franciscans in C ó rdoba (1767-1810) 79

Chapter 4: Adjusting to Revolution (1810-1820) 105

Chapter 5: Reforms and counteroffensive (1820-1829): The end of an alliance 138

Final thoughts 167

Primary Sources 173

Published Primary Sources 177

Secondary Sources 181

About this Dissertation

Rights statement
  • Permission granted by the author to include this thesis or dissertation in this repository. All rights reserved by the author. Please contact the author for information regarding the reproduction and use of this thesis or dissertation.
  • English
Research Field
Committee Chair / Thesis Advisor
Committee Members
Last modified

Primary PDF

Supplemental Files