"A Liberal Attitude Towards Truth and Men": John Hope and Manhood Development at Morehouse College, 1899-1931. Open Access

Jones, Amber (2013)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/db78tc370?locale=en


In a brief biographical sketch soon after John Hope's sudden passing in 1936, Sociologist and Educator, Charles S. Johnson wrote of John Hope, "He was never lured from his one dominant concern of building men to advertise his opinions on education" [1] Johnson was only one of many who chose to honor the memory of John Hope with an emphasis on his career as an educator and his success at shaping young African American boys into men. The famous Black Historian, Carter G. Woodson as well referred to John Hope as a "Maker of Men" as a disproportional number of men who would become college presidents were taught and shaped by John Hope during his tenure at Morehouse College and Atlanta University.[2] This study explores how John Hope came to be known this way. The study is guided by two questions: (1) What were John Hope's ideas about manhood development and how were they articulated? And (2) How, if at all, were his ideas incorporated into his educational leadership and philosophies?

Throughout his career at Morehouse College, John Hope modeled and advocated a thriving manhood for his students. This idea of manhood was supported by three main factors: The dedication of leadership and community of college men to racial equality, the function of the Negro college to study and understand the needs of the negro community, and the cultivation of individual college men to meet those needs. These conditions contributed to Hope's reputation as a "maker of men" and producer of several college presidents.

[1] Johnson, C.S. (1936). "A Preface to Racial Understanding". Box 65. Folder 4. John Hope presidential papers. Atlanta University Center Archives Collection. Atlanta, Ga.

[2] Torrence, Ridgely. The story of John Hope. New York: Macmillan Co., 1948.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Purpose 4

Significance 5

Literature review 7

American masculinities

African American Masculinities

Morehouse College and Manhood Development

Methodology 21

Data Sources

Data Analysis

Discussion of Terms


Findings and Discussion 26

Pre College President: 1899

College President: 1906-1917

College President: 1917-1931

Thriving Manhood, Thriving Community

Conclusion 53

Appendix A 54

Appendix B 57

Bibliography 59

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