God of Confusion?: An Examination of the Egyptian God Seth in New Kingdom Expressions of Royal Ideology Open Access

Shanley, Andrea (2015)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/br86b378r?locale=en


There exists a tendency in Egyptology to focus on three specific aspects of Seth's character: murderer, homosexual, and lord of foreign lands. This approach separates Seth out as an abnormality within the Egyptian pantheon, framing him as an irregular deity whom the ancients had to deal with the best they could. Advances in the perception of Egyptian myth and religion allow for a fresh re-examination of the god Seth and confirm that he, like all members of the Egyptian pantheon, possessed a fluid and flexible character that changed in relation to the context in which he was found. After studying Seth's role in one specific context, that of New Kingdom expressions of royal ideology, Seth is proven to be a part of divine ordered creation who is a supporter and representative of legitimate Egyptian Kingship.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1

Introduction 1

Methodology 7

Parameters of Current Study 12

2. Seth in Royal Monuments before the New Kingdom 15

3. Catalogue of Seth in New Kingdom Royal Monuments 33

Lower Egypt 33

Upper Egypt 57

Nubia 122

Western Asia 135

Unprovenanced Monuments 137

4. Discussion 145

Sites Associated with Seth 145

Horus and Seth: The Two Lords and the Duality of Egyptian Kingship 155

Physical Strength of Seth and King 163

A Note on the Royal Titulary 167

Conclusion 170

Bibliography 172

Appendix I Hypothetical and Unconfirmed Reconstructions 189

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