Distribution and Determinants of Tuberculosis among Non-Saudi Residents, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2018 Open Access

Aloufi, Mohammed (Summer 2020)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/b5644s89q?locale=en


Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, affecting the lungs and brain. TB remains a global health problem despite medical interventions to manage its prevalence. In 2018, the World Health Organization (WHO) registered > 480,000 cases of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). Foreigners in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) are particularly likely to have MDR-TB. These immigrants also increase the prevalence of TB in the country. Previous studies assessed the risk factors and the prevalence of TB in KSA but had gaps.

Methods: This study examined data between January 2018 and December 2018 from the yearly statistical health report. We compared TB rates between Non-Saudi and Saudi residents. The critical variables in the data were residence, nationality, sex, and age. We established five groups based on age and used SPSS and Microsoft Excel (Version 16.30).

Results: Non-Saudis in Jazan reported the greatest TB prevalence and Saudis in Jeddah reported the highest infection rates. Comparatively, Non-Saudis were more susceptible to TB than Saudis. KSA reported the highest TB infection rates in October. Males were also more vulnerable to TB than females. A majority of patients (54.54%) with TB were between 30 and 59. The prevalence rate was the lowest (0.52%) among the citizens aged < four years old.

Discussion: We evaluated 20 regions and documented that non-Saudi residents had a higher TB prevalence than Saudi counterparts. Immigration is a significant contributor to TB in KSA, therefore efforts to eradicate TB should concentrate on non-Saudi males due to the high TB incidence.

Table of Contents

Tables of contents

Chapter One-Introduction-----------------------------------------------------------------------------1

Chapter Two-Literature Review---------------------------------------------------------------------5

Chapter Three-Manuscript--------------------------------------------------------------------------12




Chapter Four-Conclusion and Recommendation-----------------------------------------------25


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