Race, Region, and Gender in Early Emory School of Medicine Yearbooks Open Access

Bailey, Moya Zakia (2013)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/5x21tg05s?locale=en


The continued existence of care inequities along the axes of race, sex, gender, sexuality, ability, and class suggests that the examination of medical training--the mechanism by which all doctors are taught their craft--may hold the key to shifting this reality. My dissertation, Race, Region, and Gender in Early Emory School of Medicine Yearbooks, examines how patient and student bodies are represented in the yearbooks students create during their training. By analyzing the sociocultural aspects of medical education at Emory School of Medicine after the release of the influential Flexner Report, I build a foundation for understanding how representations shape medical students understandings of potential patients and themselves. The hidden curriculum of medical education is communicated, not in classroom lecture, but in the ways that institutional culture promulgates certain representations over others. An idyllic student and patient emerge that reinforce one another at the expense of bodily diversity among patients and students, exacerbating care disparities through controlling vernacular medical media.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1
Representations of Black Women in Medical Training and Practice 5
From a Troubled History to an Uncertain Future: Black Women Patient Outcomes 9

Chapter 1: A Methodology for Analyzing Medical Media 15
Yearbooks as a Genre 27
Hidden Curriculum 31
Qualitative Analysis 33
Quantitative Analysis 35
Creating and Gathering a Critical Vocabulary 38
Positioning the Critic 40

Chapter 2: Framing and Background for a Medical School Portrait 43
The Flexner Report: Standardizing Students and Study 43
Northern Medicine for Ailing Southern Schools 46
All the Women are White and All the Blacks are Men: Flexner on Race and Gender 56
Race and Gender in Context: At Emory and Beyond 63
A Cultural Context for Emory School of Medicine: Racial unrest in Atlanta 64
Mammies and Minstrels: Blacks in early 20th Century Popular Culture 68

Chapter 3: The Aesculapian: 'fully represent[ing]' the Institutional Culture of Medical Education 74
Vernacular Media in the Humorous Section of The Aesculapian 78
Portraits of Medical Students 80
Kyaw Nyun 81
Sophomores 88
Student Biographies 90
Club Photos 95
Portrait of the Patients 101
A Patient 101
Other Patients 109
Stock Caricatures 110
Dissecting Room News 113

Chapter 4: The Yearbook: An 'Algorithmic Criticism' 126
1913 128
1914 139
1916 145
1917 151
Yearbook Images 156

Conclusion 160
Caster's Case 161
Representations of Gender & Health: Who's fit to be consumed 167
R. Kelly Case 175
Reframing Feminist Science Studies with a Medical Media Lens 190

Appendix 203

About this Dissertation

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