The Concept of Justice and Natural Law in Leibniz and Pufendorf Open Access

Park, Sung Hyun (2017)

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This paper is about the concept of justice and natural law of Leibniz and Pufendorf. As famous moral philosophers during the 17th centuries in Europe, Leibniz and Pufendorf held very different ideas in their concepts of justice. Pufendorf argued that justice is a relative and conventional idea, which depends on the will of sovereigns. On the contrary, Leibniz believed that justice is an absolute and immutable concept, which is within God's intellect. It is very interesting to see how these two moral philosophers who had very similar upbringing, educational and cultural backgrounds differed in their ideas of justice. Both Pufendorf's and Leibniz's ideas of justice and natural law are closely related with their other parts of studies such as theology, metaphysics and epistemology. Therefore, this paper will discuss not only moral philosophy of Leibniz and Pufendorf but also their theology, metaphysics, epistemology and their arguments on free will of human beings as well.

Table of Contents

Introduction - 1

Chapter I: The Justice of Leibniz - 5

Chapter II: The Natural Law of Pufendorf - 19

Chapter III: The Justice and Free Will of Pufendorf - 34

Chapter IV: Leibniz's Criticism upon Pufendorf's Justice and Free Will - 49

Conclusion - 65

Bibliography - 69

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