Seneca's Claudius in De Consolatione Ad Polybium and Apocolocyntosis Open Access

Lee, Ho Lim (2016)

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A notable Roman figure who suffered exile under the rule of an emperor is Seneca the Younger, a prominent Stoic philosopher, politician, and writer. This project analyzes Seneca's consolation to Emperor Claudius' freedman Polybius, De Consolatione Ad Polybium, written during Seneca's exile by Claudius. Following this initial analysis, the project examines how Seneca's sentiment towards the emperor differs from the consolation in his satirical work Apocolocyntosis, written after the death of Claudius and at the start of Emperor Nero's reign. Analyses of these works investigate the reversal of Claudius's character from possessing the characteristics of a Stoic god in De Consolatione Ad Polybium to manifesting disreputable flaws in Apocolocyntosis. While Seneca, in an effort to acquire to recall from his exile, uses Stoic philosophy to depict Claudius as a Stoic god and weave flattery of Claudius into De Consolatione Ad Polybium, Seneca utilizes the genre of Menippean satire as a medium to deride Claudius' flaws and renounce his former portrayal of Claudius as a Stoic god.

Table of Contents

Introduction. 1

Chapter One. 4

Chapter Two. 28

Conclusions. 52

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