Cyber-Bullying Prevention: Program Assessment and Implications Open Access

Olivas, Alexander (2013)

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Youth cyber-bullying is not a phenomenon exclusive to the school environment. Students engage in this behavior 24 hours a day/7 days a week in various forms of technology creating harm with unlimited boundaries. Prevention programs to combat cyber-bullying are needed in order to reduce this harm given the steady rise of technology use among youth. The purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic search and qualitative analysis of current evidence-based or researched informed programs in the United States aimed to address youth cyber-bullying. A predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria was used to identify relevant programs. Program information and evaluation findings from secondary data were collected and analyzed using a qualitative analysis procedure. Overall, a total of nine programs met the inclusion/exclusion criteria of this study. All nine of the identified programs were classified as traditional bullying programs with cyber-bullying content. Five promising programs were also identified in the study. Overviews of the programs are discussed as well as findings about their overall effectiveness. Implications for future research and recommendations for programming are provided with the intent of bridging the gap between science and practice in the field of cyber-bullying prevention.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction
Introduction 1
Prevalence 3
Problem Statement 4
Purpose Statement 5
Significance Statement 6
Conclusion 6

Chapter 2: Review of the Literature
Introduction 8
Definition of Key Terms 9
Traditional Bullying Context 10
Cyber-Bullying Context 11

Risk Factors for Bullying and Cyber-Bullying 13
Health Consequences - Connection between Traditional Bullying and Cyber Bullying 16
Traditional Bullying - Health Impact on Victims 16
Traditional Bullying - Health Impact on Perpetrators 18
Traditional Bullying - Health Impact on Bully-Victims 19
Traditional Bullying - School Attendance and Performance 19

Chapter 3: Methods
Introduction 22
Search 22
Inclusion Criteria 24
Exclusion Criteria 24
Data Analysis 27
- Part 1: General Overview 27
- Part 2: Program Effectiveness 29

Chapter 4: Findings
Introduction 31
Program Description 31
Promising Programs 60
Results Summary 68
Research Questions 70
Program Effectiveness 74
Conclusion 78

Chapter 5: Discussion
Introduction 79
Summary of Study 80
Recommendations 83
Implications for Public Health 87
Conclusion 89

References 90

List of Tables
Table 1: Search Terms 23
Table 2: Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria 25
Table 3: Search Summary 26
Table 4: Program Characteristics 33
Table 5: Evaluation Summaries 37
Table 6: Promising Programs 61
Table 7: Summary of Intervention Effectiveness by Research Design 74
Table 8: Summary of Intervention Effectiveness by School Level Implementation 75
Table 9: Summary of Intervention Effectiveness by Prevention Approach 76

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