Examining the Effects of Korean Influences on Body Dissatisfaction among Korean American College Females through the Tripartite Influence Model Open Access

Rhie, Sarah (2017)

Permanent URL: https://etd.library.emory.edu/concern/etds/3484zh80m?locale=en


Body dissatisfaction (BD) is an important risk factor for eating disorders among college females. Although studies have examined the effect of ethnicity on BD, the literature examining cultural influences among Asian American college females is limited, with many studies failing to acknowledge the ethnic diversity within the Asian American population. To address this gap, the current study utilized the Tripartite Influence Model as a framework to examine whether Korean cultural influences from parents, Korean American peers, and media affect BD, and whether thin-ideal internalization (TII) mediates this relationship. Results from an online survey of 74 Korean American college females indicated that Korean American peers and Korean media were significantly associated with BD. Results suggested that TII fully mediated the relationship between media and BD. The results indicate that the Tripartite Influence Model may be a valid framework to assess BD among Korean Americans. The study builds empirical knowledge to help inform tailored interventions for eating disorder prevention among Korean American females in college.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction 1
Significance of Body Dissatisfaction 1
Body Dissatisfaction and Asian Culture 3
Tripartite Influence Model 4
Purpose of Study 5
Chapter 2 Literature Review 6
Body Dissatisfaction 6
Factors Associated with Body Dissatisfaction among College Women 7
Body Dissatisfaction and Ethnic Differences 8
Body Dissatisfaction and Asian Americans 10
Korean Americans and Body Dissatisfaction 10
Tripartite Influence Model and Current Study 12
Chapter 3 Method 14
Design 14
Participants 14
Survey Development 15
Data Analysis 19
Chapter 4 Results 21
Descriptive Statistics 21
Bivariate Analyses 24
Multiple Linear Regressions 27
Chapter 5 Discussion 28
Limitations 31
Implications 33


Figure 1. Tripartite Influence Model (TIM) 5
Figure 2. Framework of current study 13


Table 1 23
Table 2 25
Table 3 26
Table 4 26
Table 5 27


Appendix A 44
Appendix B 46
Appendix C 47
Appendix D 48
Appendix E 49
Appendix F 51

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